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体育英语:NBA篮球英语术语

日期:2017-11-01 10:02:00 来源:大学生学习网

NBA 篮球术语 [综合篇] NBA各种投篮方式 dunk:灌篮bank shot:擦板球double pump:拉杆式投篮 fade-away shot:后仰式跳投hook shot:钩射投篮jump shot:跳投layup:带球上篮perimeter shot:中距离投篮set shot:立定投篮three-point shot:三分球

NBA各种统计术语

assist:助功block shot:阻攻,盖火锅儿defensive rebound:防守篮板球field goal percentage:投球命中率field goal:投球命中free throw percentage:罚球命中率free throw:罚球offensive rebound:进攻篮板球rebound:篮板球scoring:得分steal:抄截three-point shot percentage:三分球命中率turnover:失误

场地装备篇backboard:篮板back court:后场freethrow lane:罚球圈,禁区freethrow line:罚球线front court:前场game clock:比赛用时钟halftime:中场休息时间hoop:篮框,篮圈mid-court:中场net:篮网painted area:罚球圈,禁区restricted area near the basket:禁区内篮框下的小圆圈区域rim:篮框,篮圈scoring table:记录台,记分台shot clock:时限钟(进攻方在24秒内必须投篮,并且球必须触及篮框,否则即

违例) three-point line:三分(球)线top of the circle:靠近禁区顶端之三分(球)线附近wing:(左、右两边)底线区域

规则篇blocking foul:阻挡犯规buzzer:(比赛用的)蜂鸣器(表示时间终了,换人…等)

charging foul:(带球)撞人(犯规)

dead ball:死球(停止比赛进行时段)

defensive basket interference:防守方干扰投篮得分delay of game:阻碍比赛之正常进行disqualification:犯满离场,“毕业”double dribble:两次运球(违例)

ejection:驱逐出场elbowing:打拐子expiration :时间终了first half:上半场first period:比赛的第一节five ticks left on the :时间只剩下5秒钟flagrant foul:恶性犯规foul:犯规foul out:犯满离场,“毕业”foul trouble:快要犯满离场,“领到一张准毕业证书”full timeout:全时暂停goaltending:干扰投篮得分hand-checking:以手掌推挡对方进攻球员之犯规动作held ball:持球(双方均持球不放)

illegal defense:防守违例illegal offense:进攻违例(见isolation)

isolation:四位进攻球员在一边,而由第五位球员单吃对方防守球员jump ball:争球,跳球loose ball foul:双方均无持球权时的犯规(通常发生于双方争夺篮板球时)

offensive basket interference:进攻方干扰投篮得分out of bound:球出界线(千万不要说outside)

overtime:加时赛,延长赛referee:裁判second half:下半场shot clock violation:违反24秒内必须投篮时限之规定substitute:换人 suspension:停止出赛(之处罚)

technical foul:技术犯规ten-second violation:进攻方10秒钟内未带球过中场之违例three-second violation:(篮下)3秒钟之违例throw a punch:出拳打架throw in:发球入场traveling:(带球)走步twenty-second timeout:只有20秒钟之暂停walking:(带球)走步

战术篇backdoor cut:从两边底线往篮下的战术block out:把对方球员挡住,使其不易强到篮球赛,卡位cut:切入double team:用两位防守球员包夹进攻球员dribble out the time:进攻方以运球方式消耗掉比赛所剩下时间eat up the clock:进攻方以运球或传球方式消耗掉比赛所剩下时间fast break:快攻foul strategy:犯规战术give and go:(进攻方持球球员的)传切战术jockey for position:(篮下)卡位milk the time away:进攻方以运球或传球方式消耗掉比赛所剩下时间one-one-one defense:人盯人防守pick and roll:(进攻方做掩护之球员的)挡切战术post-up play:(进攻方持球球员背对篮框)单吃对方防守球员之战术triple team:用三位防守球员包夹进攻球员zone defense:区域防守,区域联防

动作篇

baseball pass:(快攻时)长传 an air ball:篮外空心球,“面包“behind-the-back dribble:背后(换手)运球carrying the ball:“翻球”cross-leg dribble:胯下运球dribble:运球driving to the hoop:带球上篮four-point play:投进3分球后因被犯规再罚进一分hacking:打手犯规holding:拉手犯规make the basket:投篮得分make the hoop:投篮得分monster dunk:狂猛灌篮nothing but the net:空心球(入篮)

palming:“翻球”reverse dunk:倒灌篮reverse lay-up:反手走篮shoot behind the arc:投三分球score a basket:投篮得分swish:空心球(入篮)

tap in:托球入篮three-point play:投进2分球后因被犯规再罚进一分

球队球员篇assistant coach:助理教练backcourt:后卫组(包括控球后卫及得分后卫)

backup:后备(替换,支持)球员bench:(指全体)后备(替换,支持)球员bench player:(指个人)后备(替换,支持)球员center中锋(又称5号位置球员)

coach:教练frontline:锋线(包括大前锋,小前锋,中锋)

GM(general manager):球队经理Mascot:球队吉祥物MVP:最有价值球员one-guard:控球后卫point guard:控球后卫power forward:大前锋(又称4号位置球员)

rookie:第二年球员,菜鸟(球员)

shooting guard:得分后卫sixth man:第六人small forward:小前锋(又称3号位置球员)

sophomore:第二年球员starter:(指个人)先发球员starting lineup:(指全体)先发球员swingman:摇摆人(指兼能担任得分后卫及小前锋的球员)

trainer:球队训练员two-guard:得分后卫veteran:资深球员,老鸟(球员)

比赛篇away game:客场比赛final:总决赛first round:首轮比赛GB :落后战绩最领先球队的胜场场数guest team:客队home court:主场home court advantage:主场优势home game:主场比赛home team:主队losing streak:连败场数,连败纪录post season:季后赛regular season:季赛road game:客场比赛schedule:赛程semi-final:准决赛standings:战绩(表)

winning streak:连胜场数,连胜纪录

NBA球队一览表Western Conference西区

Pacific Division大西洋组

Golden State Warriors金州勇士队LA Clippers洛杉矶快艇队LA Lakers洛杉矶湖人队Phoenix Suns凤凰城太阳队Portland Trailblazers 波特兰拓荒者队Sacramento Kings沙加缅度国王队Seattle Supersonics 西雅图超音速队

Midwest Division中西部区Dallas Mavericks达拉斯小牛队Denver Nuggets丹佛金砖队Houston Rockets休斯敦火箭队Minnesota Timberwolves明尼苏达木狼队San Antonio Spurs圣安东尼Utah Jazz犹他爵士队Vancouver Grizzlies温哥华灰熊队

Eastern Conference东区

Atlantic Division大西洋组

Miami Heat迈阿密热浪队New York Knickerbockers 纽约尼克队Philadelphia 76ers费城七十六人队Orlando Magic奥兰多魔术队Boston Celtics波士顿塞尔蒂克队New Jersey Nets纽泽西篮网队Washington Wizards华盛顿魔法师队

Central Division中央组

Atlanta Hawks亚特兰大老鹰队Charlotte Hornets夏洛特黄蜂队Chicago Bulls芝加哥公牛队Cleveland Cavaliers克里夫兰骑士队Detroit Pistons底特律活塞队Indiana Pacers印地安纳溜马队Milwaukee Bucks密尔瓦基雄鹿队Toronto Raptors多伦多暴龙队